Saving time for major subjects: The purpose of the background, as the word itself indicates, is to provide the reader with a background to the study, and hence to smoothly lead into a description of the methods employed in the investigation.
However, there are more reasons to choose a custom writing service, for instance: A wide variety of acceptably composed backgrounds is provided in Table 2 ; most of these have been adapted from actual papers. Macroeconomic shocks, structural adjustment, and trade policy reforms in the s and s might have been responsible for worsening child nutritional status in sub-Saharan Africa.
State what you did. The primary target of this paper is the young researcher; however, authors with all levels of experience may find useful ideas in the paper. Finally, the statistical methods used to analyze the data are described. Limit abbreviations to no more than three and favor commonly used abbreviations.
But now, instead of merely convincing the reader to keep reading the rest of the attached paper, an abstract must convince the reader to leave the comfort of an office and go hunt down a copy of the article from a library or worse, obtain one after a long wait through inter-library loan.
Examples of acceptably written abstracts are presented in Table 6 ; one of these has been modified from an actual publication. In a computer architecture paper, this means that it should in most cases include the following sections.
What was the extent of your work did you look at one application program or a hundred programs in twenty different programming languages. If the results are not statistically significant, present the power of your study beta-error rate to detect a difference. Thus, an abstract must contain key words about what is essential in an article, paper, or report so that someone else can retrieve information from it.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Why do we care about the problem and the results. Only a dedicated reader will peruse the contents of the paper, and then, most often only the introduction and discussion sections.
It has good grammatical writing. Think of the abstract as describing the most information using the fewest necessary words in complete sentences.
If the answer is "no" then the abstract likely needs to be revised. If the full-text is not available, go to the USC Libraries main page and enter the title of the article [NOT the title of the journal].
In a thesis or a dissertation, however, it is.
Look specifically for these main parts of the article, paper, or report: Be sure that those exact phrases appear in your abstract, so that they will turn up at the top of a search result listing.
This is because readers who peruse an abstract do so to learn about the findings of the study. In some cases it is appropriate to put the problem statement before the motivation, but usually this only works if most readers already understand why the problem is important.
Specifically, most good computer architecture papers conclude that something is so many percent faster, cheaper, smaller, or otherwise better than something else. The following paragraphs summarize what is expected in each of these sections. Med J Aust ; 5: This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.
Specifically, most good computer architecture papers conclude that something is so many percent faster, cheaper, smaller, or otherwise better than something else. This section begins with a description of the subjects that were included and excluded from the study.
University of Kansas; Abstract. The scientific abstract is usually divided into five unique sections: However, they are also used to assign papers to review committees or editors, which can be extremely important to your fate. What is already known about the subject, related to the paper in question What is not known about the subject and hence what the study intended to examine or what the paper seeks to present In most cases, the background can be framed in just 2—3 sentences, with each sentence describing a different aspect of the information referred to above; sometimes, even a single sentence may suffice.
Avoid vague, hand-waving results such as "very", "small", or "significant. Purdue University; Writing Abstracts. A wide variety of acceptably composed backgrounds is provided in Table 2 ; most of these have been adapted from actual papers.
The abstract is the only part of the paper that a potential referee sees when he is invited by an editor to review a manuscript. Whether you need an abstract example at all will mostly depend on the type of paper you are working on.
Only a reader with a very specific interest in the subject of the paper, and a need to understand it thoroughly, will read the entire paper. Writing a Good Abstract for a Journal Article PACIFIC ISLANDS HEALTH RESEARCH SYMPOSIUM Assoc.
Prof. Christian Ezeala College of Medicine, Nursing & Health Sciences Fiji National University Overview What is an abstract?
If you are writing the abstract for a class, you might want to check with your instructor to see if he or she has a specific word count in mind. Psychology papers such as lab reports and APA format articles also often require an abstract.
An abstract of a scientific research paper will contain elements not found in an abstract of a literature article, and vice versa. However, all abstracts share several mandatory components, and there are also some optional parts that you can decide to include or not.
Abstracts of scientific papers are sometimes poorly written, often lack important information, and occasionally convey a biased picture. This paper provides detailed suggestions, with examples, for writing the background, methods, results, and conclusions sections of a good abstract.
The primary. Writing an Effective Abstract: An Audience-Based Approach Most journals require authors to submit abstracts along with their articles, as do both of the journals we edit, ARIEL and Narrative.
This requirement has two main rationales: an abstract offers readers a helpful, succinct summary of the longer argument developed in the essay, and it.
Practical Abstract Examples. Getting into college is a huge achievement; still, it comes with some strings attached. In particular, students will have to write all sorts of new academic assignments, and follow some totally new formatting requirements.Writing abstracts for articles